Every artist’s life is full of poetry: In their battles, in their downfalls, in their triumphs, in their successes, in their failures, in their sorrow, in their demeanour, and in their storey. Being an artist is a decision that has implications and consequences, as well as rewards and victories. The Bravehearts, who dare to walk out of the throng because they feel they can turn their imagination into words, paintings, songs, movies, dance, and other forms of expression, are still the ones who make the decision. An artist’s journey can be filled with ups and downs, successes and failures, good and poor decisions, but it cannot be monotonous or dull. As a result, I’m going to discuss some of the most famous painters of India have created throughout history.
Meet the 10 Famous Painters of India
1. Raja Ravi Varma
Known as the “Father of Indian Modern Art,” Varma was the first artist from this great nation to achieve international acclaim and acclaim. Being the son of a writer mother and a scholar father, it was no surprise that Varma developed a strong interest in painting at a young age. In 1948, he was born in the princely state of Kilimanoor (Kerala) to Umamba Thampuratti and Neelakanthan Bhattatiripad. He was only seven years old when he revealed that he was a gifted artist. Varma produced a number of aesthetic works between 1870 and 1878, including portraits of elitists and British officials. During this time, Raja Ravi Varma rose to prominence as a renowned portrait painter. His paintings were exhibited in an illustrious exhibition in Vienna in 1873, where he won three awards, making him the first Indian artist to do so. Surprisingly, Varma’s creation ‘Radha in the Moonlight’ was auctioned off for INR 24 crore. Varma completed the painting in 1890.
2. Amrita Sher-Gil
The flamboyant, the lit, the courageous, the thinker, the epitome of pure talent, and the first woman (and the only Asian artist to date) to win a gold medal in Paris. In 1932, she brushed down one of her finest creations, titled ‘Young Girls,’ which led to her nomination for Associate of the Grand Salon in Paris in 1933. Amrita is still the youngest artist and the only Asian to receive this honour. Amrita’s thoughts of returning to India haunted her like a free bird unable to be caged away from its nest. Amrita had a mystical intuition that her destiny would await her in India and nowhere else. According to Amrita, prominent names such as Matisse, Picasso, and Braque belonged to Europe, whereas she belonged to India. Amrita left this world at the age of 28.
3. Vasudeo S Gaitonde
In 1924, Vasudeo S Gaitonde was born in Nagpur, Maharashtra. Gaitonde, a Padma Shri recipient and one of India’s greatest abstract artists, graduated from the J.J.School of Art in Bombay (Mumbai). He was also one of the first six members of India’s Progressive Artists’ Group. Gaitonde was not a big fan of words. This was evident in his work, as the majority of his paintings were left untitled.
Gaitonde, in contrast to the other artists who worked hard to achieve fame, was a simple man. His strength was art, not the fame that comes with it. He never lived in a bungalow, villa, or opulent apartment, despite the fact that he could have.Gaitonde preferred living in a one-room rental apartment in Delhi’s Nizamuddin East when he was creating his most ecstatic and exclusive work.
4. S.H. Raza
Raza moved to Bombay (Mumbai) in the hopes of enrolling in the J.J.School of Art, but was unsuccessful. Raza went to work for a block maker’s studio to make a living. Raza began painting some outstanding paintings representing scenes visible from his window while he was there. He was young and inexperienced, but his paintings always demonstrated maturity in his understanding of art. People started paying attention to this first-string performer because of the blissfulness and enchantment of his work. Along with some other notable figures, he was one of the founding members of the Progressive Artists’ Group. Raza was always captivated by his country’s, culture’s, and beliefs’ origins. After the discovery and adoption of ‘Bindu,’ his paintings took on new dimensions, giving his limited subject matter and theme body of work a new lease on life. Raza also created some captivating paintings based on the concept of Tribhuj or Triangle. These works primarily aimed to solidify Indian religious conceptions of space and time, as well as the concept of male and female energy. The genre of Raza is transformed from expressionist to a master of abstraction and wisdom as a result of this.
5. Tyeb Mehta
According to Tyeb, he is a quiet, down-to-earth man. In Bombay, he lived a humble existence. ‘Mahisasura,’ a portrayal of the fabled Hindu buffalo-demon being destroyed by the Goddess Durga, was one of Mehta’s best works. This work enthralled Indian art collectors, and it was sold for INR 11 crore at a Christie’s auction in 2005. It was a historic transaction because it was the first time a piece of contemporary Indian art had sold for more than a million dollars. It was also a declaration of Westerners’ growing interest in Indian art.
6. Satish Gujral
Satish Gujral, a pre-partition West Punjab native, enrolled in the Mayo School of Art in Lahore in 1939 and the Sir J.J. School of Art in Mumbai in 1944. However, due to a chronic illness, he had to drop out of school in 1947. Gujral received a scholarship to study at Mexico City’s Palacio de Bellas Artes in 1952. He studied under Diego Rivera and David Alfaro Siqueiros, two well-known Mexican artists. Satish Gujral went on to become one of India’s most prominent artists after independence. He arranged art events in various places throughout the world from 1952 to 1974, including New York City, New Delhi, Montreal, Berlin, and Tokyo.
Gujral is noted for his versatility as an artist, having created works in a variety of media including painting, graphics, murals, sculpture, architecture, and interior design.
7. Rabindranath Tagore
In addition to being a poet, Rabindranath Tagore was also an artist. He started painting in his sixties, late in his career. Though he started with doodling, he went on to create a wide range of imagery, including fantasy and weird monsters, masks, mysterious human faces, mystic landscapes, birds, and flowers. Tagore went on to create thousands of works of art, becoming the first Indian artist to display his work in Europe, Russia, and the United States in 1930. Tagore’s art is highly unique, with bold forms, vibrancy, a feeling of rhythmic quality, and a sense of imagination.
It should be emphasised that Tagore was most likely colorblind in the red-green spectrum, which resulted in odd colour schemes and off-kilter aesthetics in his works. Rabindranath Tagore was a well-known artist who influenced many contemporary Indian artists. The National Gallery of Modern Art in India has 102 of his paintings in its collection.
8. Nandalal Bose
As India’s independence movement raged on, Nandalal Bose, along with other prominent artists, worked to shift the Indian art scene away from the western influences that were prevalent in art schools at the time. Instead of Western art, Bose was heavily influenced by the 5th-century murals in Ajanta Caves, from which he borrowed themes and motifs. He also travelled extensively throughout India, focusing on various Indian art forms. When India gained independence, the Prime Minister of India commissioned Nandalal Bose to design the emblems for the Government of India’s awards, including the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honour. He also decorated the original manuscript of India’s Constitution. Nandalal Bose received the Padma Vibhushan in 1954. Following his death in 1976, the Indian government declared Bose’s works to be “art treasures, in terms of their artistic and aesthetic value.”
9. M.F. Husain
M.F. Husain, full name Maqbool Fida Husain, Husain also spelled Hussain, was an Indian artist who painted bold, vibrantly coloured narrative paintings in a modified Cubist style. He was born September 17, 1915, in Pandharpur, Maharashtra state, India, and died June 9, 2011, in London, England. He was one of India’s most well-known and internationally acclaimed artists in the twentieth century. Husain’s talents as a printmaker, photographer, and filmmaker were also recognised. In 1967, the Berlin International Film Festival awarded him a Golden Bear for his short film Through the Eyes of a Painter.
10. Francis Newton Souza
Francis Newton Souza was a key player in India’s avant-garde movement and one of the first painters to receive international acclaim from a newly independent India. Souza’s style was significantly influenced by Expressionism and Art Brut as a result of his time spent overseas. Souza became noted for his bold lines and heavy application of colour, earning him the moniker “Indian Picasso.”
He was enthralled by pictures of the sacred and profane, as well as the line that separated them; his favourite topics included the human form, which he regularly showed participating in sensual actions and religious ceremonies. Souza was also responsible for co-founding the Bombay Progressive Artists’ Group in 1947, which intended to encourage artists to depict Indian subject matter with Western Modernist approaches.
Everyone wish to be an artist in their life, don’t you want? Creativity and art is a hidden talent one can have. One should always bring it out and state some uniqueness in it. The famous painters of India have devoted their life in painting, and achieved fame and name which is unforgettable in the sands of time.
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