Table of Topics
- 16 Fastest Animals and Birds in the World
- 1. Peregrine Falcon
- 2. Golden Eagle
- 3. White-throated Needletail
- 4. Mexican Free-tailed bats
- 5. Frigate Bird
- 6. Rock Doves
- 7. Cheetahs
- 8. Sailfish
- 9. Hummingbird
- 10. Ostrich
- 11. Pronghorn
- 12. Quarter Horses
- 13. Wildebeest
- 14. Lion
- 15. Perentie
- 16. Leatherback Sea Turtle
Do you ever wonder that who the fastest creature on earth is? Surely humans are not, we all know that, but do you know who is? And it is not cheetah. Yes, we were shocked too. Although the cheetah is the fastest land animal, but there are birds out there who can defeat it in a race with the flap of their little wings. So let us take a look at this list of the 16 Fastest Animals and Birds in the World.
The Fastest aircraft in the world is the Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird of the USA with a top speed of 2,100 mph and the fastest train in the world is the L0 Series Maglev of Japan with a speed top speed of 374 mph and the fastest living land or say air creature in the world is Peregrine Falcon native to Australia with a top speed of 240 mph. And while humans took thousands of years to reach here with continuous research and development which majorly included studying the fast creatures of nature to know the mechanism, nature has its own way of creating unbelievable lives.
Born with a specific body structure to be “fast and furious”, we have brought a list of these 16 Fastest Animals and Birds in the World, so take a look:
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16 Fastest Animals and Birds in the World
1. Peregrine Falcon
Top speed: 240 mph
In order to catch their food, peregrine falcons dive from the sky, and it is during this daring manoeuvre that they attain their highest speeds. Other birds are eaten by peregrines, who knock them out of the sky and eat them on the ground. Peregrine falcons can be found on six continents, but due to population reduction, they are rarely observed by people. They frequently mate for life and can live in the wild for about 20 years.
The upper half of the bird is blue grey, with black bands on the white to yellowish white underside. Peregrines are roughly 36 to 49 cm (14.2 to 19.3 inches) long as adults. They hunt by flying high and diving at their prey. They are strong and fast. They use their clenched talons to attack and kill on impact. Ducks, as well as a variety of songbirds and shorebirds, are among their prey. Peregrines prefer to live in rocky open country near water, where there are plenty of birds. The typical nest is a scrape on a cliff ledge, however some populations exploit city skyscrapers or tree nests created by other birds. Incubation takes around a month and the clutch consists of three or four reddish brown eggs.
2. Golden Eagle
Top speed: 200 mph
Golden eagles are similar in size to Bald Eagles, standing up to 3 feet tall and weighing between 6 and 14 pounds. They frequently take down prey as large as a fox or a crane. Golden eagles dive from great heights to catch their meal in their talons. Golden eagles, like other eagles, have excellent eyesight and can rotate their heads 270 degrees to easily identify their prey. However, their night vision is comparable to that of a human.
The golden eagle is a raptor that can be found in the Northern Hemisphere. It is the eagle species with the greatest range. These birds have dark brown plumage with lighter golden-brown napes. This species’ immature eagles usually have white on their tails and white patterns on their wings. Golden eagles hunt a variety of prey, primarily hares, rabbits, and marmots and other ground squirrels, using their agility and speed, as well as powerful feet and large, pointed talons. The home ranges or territories of golden eagles can be as vast as 200 km2. They construct huge nests in cliffs and other high locations, which they may return to for numerous breeding seasons.
3. White-throated Needletail
Top speed: 106 mph
Swooping through the air, white-throated needletail swifts gather the insects that make up their favourite diet. Their bullet-shaped bodies and long, curving wings are designed to assist them reach great speeds. These birds make their nests in fissures between rocks or in tree trunks that have been hollowed out. They are migratory birds that breed in Central Asia and spend their winters in Southeast Asia, India, and Australia.
Huge swifts with a powerful, barrel-like body, white-throated needletails are large swifts with a robust, barrel-like body. They are approximately 20 centimetres in length and weigh between 110 and 120 grammes. Except for a white throat and a white patch stretching from the base of the tail to the flanks, they are greyish-brown. The spined end of the Needle-tailed Swift’s tail, which is not forked like the ordinary swifts of the genus Apus, gives the species its name.
4. Mexican Free-tailed bats
Top speed: 100 mph
In the nighttime, Mexican free-tailed bats can travel up to 100 kilometres round trip in search of food. With short hair and long narrow wings, they are built for speed and can fly up to 60 miles per hour with a tail wind. They have been seen feeding at altitudes of up to 10,000 feet while on the lookout for food. Mexican free-tailed bats are critical for controlling crop pests because they can consume up to two-thirds of their body weight in insects per night, especially while nursing or feeding young.
5. Frigate Bird
Top speed: 95mph
The frigate bird’s 153 kph (95 mph) speed is aided by the fact that it has the biggest wingspan to body weight ratio of any bird. They can stay in the air for up to a week. Frigate birds are the only seabirds with distinct male and female appearances. Females lack the vivid red pouch of males, although they are larger than males. The Magnificent Frigate Bird has an unusually extended breeding season.
6. Rock Doves
Top speed: 93 mph
The common pigeon is another name for the rock dove. Those are the same pigeons you might see on the streets near your house! Rock doves can dwell in flocks of up to 500 people. They eat insects, spiders, plants, berries, and seeds and are omnivorous. If you have rock doves in your neighborhood, you may have noticed that they aren’t fussy. They also devour garbage and discarded food from city streets.
The rock dove, also known as a pigeon, has a dark bluish-gray head, neck, and chest with glossy yellowish, greenish, and reddish-purple iridescence running down its neck and wing feathers. Females have a lower level of iridescence than males. It has a dark grayish-pink bill. Most pigeons have two dark bands across their wings and one bluish-gray band across their tail.
Top speed: 80 mph
Cheetahs are the fastest terrestrial animals on the planet. In a single stride, they can cover 23 feet and speed from 0 to 45 miles per hour in 2.5 seconds. However, they can only maintain their top speed for roughly 300 yards. Cheetahs have smaller teeth than other big cats in order to fit bigger nasal passageways, which allow them to take in massive amounts of air at such rapid speeds.
These cats can turn quickly and abruptly in pursuit of prey and are dexterous at high speeds. From their long, slender limbs and firm foot pads to the flexible spine that gives them their lengthy stride, cheetahs’ physique are especially built to help them reach top speeds. During the day, the cheetah’s superb eyesight aids it in locating prey. The cheetah’s spotted coat mixes well with the thick, dry grass of the plains, making it difficult to identify.
Top speed: 68 mph
The fastest marine animal is the sailfish. They’re also quick growers, reaching up to 5 feet in length in their first year. The large, multicolored fin that protrudes from their back and pierces the water’s surface distinguishes them. When swimming, sailfish often fold their sails to help them to travel through the water more quickly.
Throughout their lives, sailfish consume a wide variety of prey. They feed microscopic zooplankton when they’re young, and their prey grows in size as they grow. They eat huge bony fish, crabs, and squid as adults. Sailfish also cooperate to feast on smaller schooling fish like sardines and anchovies by forming a barrier around their prey with their dorsal fins.
Top speed: 61 mph
Anna’s hummingbirds are little for hummingbirds, yet their diminutive size doesn’t detract from their amazing speed. Male Anna’s hummingbirds have bright pink feathers around their throats that add a burst of colour to their appearance. These birds are frequent visitors to hummingbird feeders and can be found in a wide range of habitats.
Any homeothermic animal with the highest mass-specific metabolic rate is a hummingbird. When food is sparse and they are not foraging at night, they can enter torpor, a state comparable to hibernation, in which their metabolic rate is reduced to 1/15 of its regular rate.
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Top speed: 43 mph
Ostriches are the heaviest living birds, and they utilise their wings, which are comparable to aeroplane wings, to direct themselves while running at great speeds. In one stride, these flightless birds can run up to five metres. In addition, they lay the largest eggs of any bird species on the planet. Ostriches come in nine different species, seven of which are extinct. The common ostrich and the Somali ostrich are the only two species of ostrich left. Ostriches have a lifespan of 50 to 75 years. The ostrich, the world’s largest and heaviest living bird, is constructed for sprinting rather than flying. The ostrich’s muscular legs allow it to sprint up to 43 mph (70 kph) in short bursts and sustain a steady speed of 31 mph (50 kph).
Top speed: 61 mph
For short distances, pronghorns may reach speeds of up to 61 mph, but for extended distances, they can maintain regular speeds of 30–40 mph. Their bounding strides can reach 20 feet in length! When running, pronghorns keep their jaws slightly open to allow them to take in more air.
The body of the pronghorn is similar to that of a deer. It stands about 3 ½ feet tall from shoulder to feet and weighs between 90 and 120 pounds. Its body is tan to reddish brown in colour. It has white cheeks, abdomen, rump, chest, and inner legs. Males have a thick black mask that goes from their eyes down their snout to their nose, black neck patches, and 12- to 20-inch long pronged black horns. The male’s horns are formed like a lyre and bend inwards.
12. Quarter Horses
Top speed: 55 mph
Quarter horses are noted for their short-distance sprinting prowess. The name “quarter horse” comes from the quarter-mile races for which this type of horse was first trained in the late 1600s in Rhode Island and Virginia. Frontiersmen and cowboys in the emerging West began to utilize them more regularly. They are renowned to be dependable and friendly horses. Reining, cutting, working cow horse, barrel racing, calf roping, and other western riding disciplines, especially those involving live cattle, benefit from the Quarter Horse’s compact body.
Top speed: 50 mph
Gnus is another name for wildebeests. They have enormous, curving horns and are members of the antelope family. They also have huge torsos and rather thin hindquarters, as well as less robust back legs. Wildebeests graze grasses and travel up to 995 miles per year in search of the finest food and water. About 40 of those miles are spent running. Wildebeest are a tourist attraction, but they compete for pasture with domesticated livestock and are sometimes accused by farmers for infecting their cattle with diseases and parasites.
Top speed: 50 mph
Lions are the world’s most social felines. These enormous cats’ muscular forelegs aid in their speed and, when combined with their strong jaws and sharp claws, help them take down their prey. Lions are well matched to the speed of wildebeest, which are some of their most regular prey, with top speeds of around 50 mph. They also devour zebras and take kills from hyenas and leopards, among other predators.
Top speed: 25 mph
The Perentie is the largest lizard in Australia. It has a dark brown body with huge cream or yellow markings on it. It has a tongue that is forked and several sharp, slightly curved teeth. The Perentie also has a robust tail and five clawed toes on its legs.
The perentie is the fourth-largest living lizard and the oldest lizard species on the planet. Like snakes, they have forked tongues that they utilise to sniff out their prey. When threatened, perenties hiss like snakes. Perenties are carnivores that have been known to kill and consume some of Australia’s most venomous snakes.
16. Leatherback Sea Turtle
Top speed: 22 mph
Leatherback sea turtles are the world’s largest turtles, distinguished by the hard, leathery skin that covers their backs rather than the shells or scales found on other turtles. Leatherback sea turtles are also excellent divers, with a depth record of around 4,000 feet. They can stay underwater for up to 85 minutes, however the average time spent below is around 30 minutes. Leatherback turtles are especially vulnerable to pollution in the ocean.
Leatherbacks’ jaws are sensitive and scissor-like. Their jaws would be injured if they didn’t eat soft-bodied animals, hence they eat jellyfish nearly exclusively. It’s amazing that such a massive, energetic animal can survive on a diet of jellyfish, which are largely made up of water and appear to be nutrient-poor.
We as humans have reached great speeds when it comes to our machines but nature has a great role to play in it. Humans have a long history of taking inspirations from the work of nature to build their own things from buildings to ships to aircrafts to submarines and so on. So let us all hail Mother Nature and her ways of teaching and inspiring us.
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