Table of Topics
- 10 Smallest Countries in the World by Area
- 1. Vatican City (0.49 km²/0.17 mi²)
- 2. Monaco, Principality of Monaco (2 km²/0.78 mi²)
- 3. Nauru (21 km²/8.1 mi²)
- 4. Tuvalu (26 km²/10 mi²)
- 5. San Marino (61 km²/24 mi²)
- 6. Liechtenstein (160 km²/62 mi²)
- 7. Marshall Islands (180 km²/70 mi²)
- 8. Saint Kitts and Nevis (269 km²/104 mi²)
- 9. Maldives, Republic of Maldives (300 km²/116 mi²)
- 10. Malta, Republic of Malta (316 km²/122 mi²)
With around 200 countries in the world, each country has its own uniqueness in terms of culture, political structure, people, population, seasons, size and so on. Some countries are as small as a big park and some countries are as big as they can fit in a lot of other countries in its boundaries. And today we have brought the list of the 10 Smallest Countries in the World by Area or geographical size. So take a look at this list and expand your knowledge of our world:
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10 Smallest Countries in the World by Area
1. Vatican City (0.49 km²/0.17 mi²)
The smallest country in the world by area is Vatican City, a country in Europe which became independent from Italy in 1929, having the total area of less than 1 km2. Vatican City does not actually have a capital. This sovereign landlocked country is a beautiful country surrounded by other European beauties like Rome and Italy. Vatican City is also the home of Pope and the headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church. Vatican City is known for its exquisite and iconic art, culture and architecture and some amazing art galleries and museums capturing the essence of the city’s history.
2. Monaco, Principality of Monaco (2 km²/0.78 mi²)
The second smallest country in the world by area is yet another one from Europe that is Monaco, also the second smallest in Europe. It is a sovereign country having France as a neighbor from three sides and Mediterranean on the fourth. The capital of Monaco is Monte Carlo. This small country is a combination of beaches and a cluster of hills which makes it a perfect getaway for all the mountain lovers and the beach lovers as well. The place also houses international sports car races, museums, cathedral and casino.
3. Nauru (21 km²/8.1 mi²)
Nauru is the third smallest country in the world by area. This tiny island country and microstate in the Oceania in the Central Pacific to the North-East of Australia is also the smallest Republic and the smallest island nation. Nauru is a country that has no official capital but all the government offices are located at the district Yaren. Nauru is the home for coral reefs, white sand beaches and tropical vegetation including palm trees. Nauru also has an underground freshwater lake named Moqua well that is so mysterious and dangerous but beautiful that it can take your breath away.
4. Tuvalu (26 km²/10 mi²)
We have in the list yet another tiny country from the Oceania in the West Central Pacific in the north of New Zealand and the North-East of Australia. Tuvalu is the 4th smallest country and the second smallest island country in the world. The capital of Tuvalu is Funafuti situated on which is the de facto capital Vaiaku where all the government offices are located. Tuvalu is a group of 9 islands which are home to 6 true atoll islands and 3 reef islands. It is a typical island group country with coconut trees thriving like anything.
5. San Marino (61 km²/24 mi²)
This third smallest country of Europe, San Marino is the 5th smallest country in the world by the area covered. This microstate is a mountainous country landlocked by north-central Italy. San Marino’s capital, also called San Marino is situated on the foot of the Monte Titano. This country is one of the oldest republics in the world as has retained much of its historic architecture just like most of the other European countries. With a high GDP and yet cheap commodities, thanks to the excellent import and tourism industries, San Marino is a rich and prosperous nation. Do visit the country to witness beautiful ancient infrastructure.
6. Liechtenstein (160 km²/62 mi²)
Liechtenstein is the 6th smallest country in the world and 4th smallest country in Europe by geographical area. It is one of the richest countries in the world as per capita and depends mainly on industries. This principality extends as long as 25 kms in between Austria and Switzerland. Vaduz is the capital and also the cultural and financial center of the nation. Liechtenstein is a small and beautiful country right out of fairytales with medieval castles, alpine landscapes and villages linked to each other by trails.
7. Marshall Islands (180 km²/70 mi²)
Another tiny sovereign island country in the Central Pacific Ocean, Marshall islands is the 7th smallest country in the world and third smallest island country after Nauru and Tuvalu. Mauro is the nominal capital and the largest city of the Marshall Islands but all the government offices are situated in the town of Delap-Uliga-Djarrit joined to the mainland by landfills in the ocean. Marshall Islands are a chain of volcanic islands and coral atolls between Hawaii and Philippines. The geographical distribution of this island group is that it consists of 29 atolls and 5 individual islands totaling to 1225 islands and 870 reef systems. Do consider visiting the place for wreck site diving and to witness marine life.
8. Saint Kitts and Nevis (269 km²/104 mi²)
Saint Kitts and Nevis is the 8th smallest country in the world 4th smallest island country in the world and the smallest country in the continent North-America. It is a dual island nation situated between the Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea and is a part of West-Indies. Basseterre is the capital and the main port of this world’s smallest sovereign federation country. Among the two islands, Saint Kitts is the larger one which is dominated by a dormant Mount Liamuiga volcano, a Crater Lake, green vervet monkeys and rainforest with hiking trails. This country is the home for cloud-shrouded mountains and beaches. Overall, a great getaway.
9. Maldives, Republic of Maldives (300 km²/116 mi²)
Maldives is the 9th smallest country in the world and the 5th smallest island country in the world. Situated in the Indian subcontinent of Asia in the Indian Ocean 750 kms away from the mainland Asia, Maldives is an archipelagic The capital of Maldives is Male situated in the middle of the country, also known as the King’s Island where the ancient royal dynasties ruled. Maldives consists of a total of 1192 coral islands grouped in a double chain of 26 atolls. This nation is a famous tourist destination, thanks to its tropical climate, beaches and reefs.
10. Malta, Republic of Malta (316 km²/122 mi²)
Next in the list is another European and island nation. Malta is the 10th smallest country in the world, 6th smallest island country in the world and 5th smallest country in Europe. It is an archipelago in the central Mediterranean between Sicily and the North-African coast in the north of Libya. Malta’s capital is Valletta and it is a sovereign country. This country is rich in its historical architectural heritage and is home to some of the oldest fortresses, megalithic temples and a burial chamber dating back to circa 4000 BC. It is a great tourist destination with breathtaking landscape and warm climate.
So this was the list of the 10 Smallest Countries in the World by area. We hope that you might have gained some insight of these tiny little and beautiful countries. Have a great day ahead.